difference between content and process theories of motivation pdf

Difference Between Content And Process Theories Of Motivation Pdf

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What Is the Difference Between the Content and Process Theories of Motivation?

Content theories are also called needs theories. Content based theories content based theories of motivation based on identification of the internal motives that make people act in a certain way. Content theories of motivation. Herzbergs motivation hygiene theory two factor theory. These theories are related to the studies of human needs and mechanism of their influence on the process of motivation. In the field of organizational behavioral studies there are two different categories called content theories also known as need theory and process theories. Content theory and process theory of motivation published on march

Motivation Theories: Content and Process

We can distinguish between content and process motivation theories. Content theories are the earliest theories of motivation. Within the work environment they have had the greatest impact on management practice and policy, whilst within academic circles they are the least accepted. Content theories are also called needs theories: they try to identify what our needs are and relate motivation to the fulfilling of these needs. The content theories cannot entirely explain what motivate or demotivate us.


They are the process theories and content theories. Content theories address what factors motivate people whereas the process theories address how the people are motivated.


What is the difference between content and process theory?

Motivation is generally understood as the drive or the desire to do things. A lot of research has been undertaken in the past several decades to uncover the factors underlying motivation. Research has identified the distinct relationship between motivation and behavior. It has a special significance in the context of workplace and performance.

Content and Process Theories of Motivation

Whereas the content theories concentrate on the question of 'what' motivates, the process theories address more the issues relating to how the process works and sustains itself over time, such as factors that determine the degree of effort, the continuation of effort, the modification of effort, etc. In this theory employee constantly assesses their level of effort against fellow workers and the reward they receive for their effort. Likewise, the relative reward for effort is also monitored. The message for managers is that employees need to be seen to be rewarded on a fair and equitable basis, and inequities quickly adjusted. Have you seen or experienced situations where one employee does all the work but gets only the same wages as their fellow employees? From a Human Resources Management perspective, formal and informal performance management processes are used to identify and adjust inequities. This has been an important theory in the history of the study of motivation.

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Difference Between Content Theory and Process Theory

Sometimes financial rewards motivate people and sometimes it is just an inner drive to make a difference. Thus it seems to me that the issue such as whether process theories are superior to content theories must be reviewed and judged for its validity against these sort of real-world stories on experiences of real-world workforces. Content Theories. A physiological need creates an aroused tension state a drive that motivates an organism to satisfy the need Hull, The neoliberal restructuring process is analyzed taking into account international factors related to the dynamic of the world economy in its transnational stage and national factors.

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PDF | Motivation theories have been classified into process theory and content theory in the literature. The effectiveness of each of them has.

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