using gerunds and infinitives pdf

Using Gerunds And Infinitives Pdf

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Going to the beach? Playing video games? Hiking walking? Maybe all you want to do is to read comic books. But we used infinitives to describe them.

Gerunds and infinitives are very common in the English language. They can be used in many situations. Sometimes you may use an infinitive and a gerund. Sometimes you have to choose between the two, because using one may be completely wrong.

And knowing the difference between them and using them correctly are essential to speaking English properly, especially in business English settings. F or that, the resource that we would most recommend is Creativa. Creativa provides premium, highly produced videos for learning English and business communication skills.

Creativa provides entertaining videos, useful but unexpected tips, and goes beyond just English to teach you body language, intonation and specific pronunciation tips. Creativa is a new product from the FluentU team. So how do you know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund? Our five simple rules are sure to help! Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. This is the present continuous.

It is not a gerund. This is present simple , but it contains a gerund. While the rules below will help you understand how infinitives and gerunds should be used, you should make sure to practice them so you can use them in real life. One easy way to do this is by learning with FluentU videos—which include movie trailers, music videos, news and other types of fun real-world videos. FluentU videos come with interactive captions that tell you the definition of any word, and also show you how that word can be used in a sentence.

Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. Becoming a millionaire is a dream of many young people today. All three sentences sound like normal, everyday English. Shakespeare is one of the greatest authors of all time, but his English is famously difficult to understand. It is formal and it is art. So, it is possible to use both infinitives and gerunds as subjects, but gerunds are much more commonly used as subjects.

Just pay attention to how the choice reflects on the tone and meaning of your sentences. Both sentences are correct, but one has an infinitive as the object and the other has a gerund as the object. Some verbs require a gerund and some will require an infinitive. There are lots of verbs that require an infinitive after. You will learn them naturally, as you progress in your English studies.

It is not easy to graduate from university. It is necessary to speak English to work in a hotel. It is wonderful to have close friends. When you describe something with an adjective underlined in the examples above , an infinitive should follow in bold. But remember! If you want to make that object into a subject see Rule 1 , a gerund should be used:. Speaking English is necessary to work in a hotel. This dress is too big to wear. This car is too expensive to buy. My child is not tall enough to ride this rollercoaster.

This rule is useful enough to understand the usage of infinitives! Start with these examples. Prepositions can follow any word, be it a noun, a pronoun, a verb or an adjective. In the examples below, the prepositions are underlined, followed by the gerunds in bold.

Novels about growing up are popular among teenagers. I have an interest in becoming a painter. I forgive you for not telling the truth. She is thinking about trying martial arts. I am wary of going alone. It is called a conjunction. I had no choice but to follow her. I had to follow her. Mary only stopped to get gas. There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go.

I only have to collect my money and go. Just follow the rule of gerunds after prepositions, and you will get it right most of the time! Gerunds and infinitives may be confusing, but they make your English speech more varied and colorful. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get!

In this situation, try changing the sentence and saying what you want to say in a different way. Learn all the vocabulary in any video with games and quizzes. FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples.

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gerunds and infinitives list pdf

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Following a verb gerund or infinitive Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Your email address will not be published. They should not be confused with present participles. Read about Infinitive and Gerunds in this article. Grammar resources for esl. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. Many of these verbs are listed below.

A participle also ends in -ing like a gerund, but it does not function as a noun. In … There will be many example sentences. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. Intermediate Gerunds and Infinitives. Dan enjoys science fiction. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises. Gerunds or Infinitives.

Infinitives and Gerunds in. Perfective, Progressive, and Passive. EXERCISE 2. With a partner, discuss the following topics using infinitives and gerunds. Use the.


Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. Whether you use a gerund or an infinitive depends on the main verb in the sentence.

She gave him a fixed look. This is a question of flying or in other words: to fly or not to fly'. All verbs except for modals have both a gerund and an infinitive form; the trick is deciding which form we need. But most of the time, the job gets confused when it … That surely was an entertaining sight.


English Exercises: gerunds. Super Teacher Worksheets - www. Some of the worksheets for this concept are Gerunds, Gerunds, Hat is a erund phrase, 1 of 15 verbals gerunds and participles gerunds, Verbals gerunds participles infinitives, Name date grammar work gerunds used as subjects, Participles gerunds and infinitives.

gerund and infinitive exercises pdf with answers advanced

Subject: Gerunds and infinitives can function b To compose a sonata would take months. Submit Close. Basically, you can easily set up simple sentences when you move by subject, verb, and object order.

Mountains of Christmas 1. Spelling Tip. How long did you live there? Lobster Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises.

5 Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives

Going to the beach? Playing video games? Hiking walking? Maybe all you want to do is to read comic books. But we used infinitives to describe them.

Он тебе все объяснит.  - Сердце его колотилось. Как все это глупо, подумал он, быстро выпалил: - Я люблю тебя! - и повесил трубку. Он стоял у края тротуара, пропуская машины. Наверное, она подумает бог знает что: он всегда звонил ей, если обещал.

Его лицо казалось растерянным. - Обычно я напиваюсь только к четырем! - Он опять засмеялся. - Как быстрее добраться до аэропорта. - У входа возьмешь такси. Беккер вытащил из кармана купюру в тысячу песет и сунул панку в руку. - Премного благодарен, приятель! - крикнул тот ему вслед.

list of verbs followed by gerunds and infinitives pdf

И это вопрос национальной безопасности. Беккер вошел в телефонную будку и начал набирать номер Стратмора. Не успел он набрать международный код, как в трубке раздался записанный на пленку голос: Todos los circuitos estan ocupados - Пожалуйста, положите трубку и перезвоните позднее. Беккер нахмурился и положил трубку на рычаг. Он совсем забыл: звонок за границу из Испании - все равно что игра в рулетку, все зависит от времени суток и удачи.

И положил трубку. Дэвид, задержавшись в будке, тяжко вздохнул.

Угрожающий потенциал всей этой ситуации подавил. Какие вообще у них есть доказательства, что Танкадо действительно создал Цифровую крепость. Только его собственные утверждения в электронных посланиях. И конечно… ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Компьютер висел уже почти двадцать часов.

When to Use Gerunds and Infinitives: 5 Simple Rules for English Learners

Если, помогая ему, нужно закрыть на что-то глаза, то так тому и. Увы, Мидж платили за то, чтобы она задавала вопросы, и Бринкерхофф опасался, что именно с этой целью она отправится прямо в шифровалку. Пора готовить резюме, подумал Бринкерхофф, открывая дверь.


Sarah G.

Infinitive and Gerund. Infinitive. After an adjective. Example: The new computer is really easy to use. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the.


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