individual differences mental ability and personality ppt to pdf

Individual Differences Mental Ability And Personality Ppt To Pdf

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Individual differences mental ability and personality pdf

All differences between individuals may be interpreted by the facts of heredity or nature, environment or nurture, and training. Image Courtesy : upload. The ethnologists have explained many of the supposed differences, and have been inclined to place the various races upon a more equal footing with respect to inborn capacity.

There may be some difference in behaviour among different races, but there is little scientific evidence that favours the theory of native differences in mental traits. Image Courtesy : 4. In America the question of racial superiority has usually narrowed down to the rivalry between the white race and the Negro race. That the white race is much superior to the Negro race cannot be considered absolutely final. Differences in mentality, reflecting influence of country and city life, is shown by the study of Negro mentality in relation to time lived in the city.

In causing differences in physical traits this factor is prominent. Investigations also show an apparent superiority of girls in language and a somewhat better showing of boys in logical processes.

In interests, which cannot be definitely measured, the difference would seem to be that women are more interested in people while men are more interested in things. Difference in instinctive equipment is shown by the fact that women excel in the nursing impulses and men in the fighting impulses.

As to physical equipment, men are much taller, stronger, and bigger than women. However, girls grow more rapidly than boys, especially before adolescence. The girls reach physiological maturity earlier. By heredity is meant the influence of factors inherent in the child himself from the time he is conceived.

The first laws of heredity were formulated by Galton who made the direct investigation on heredity. Image Courtesy : natcom. Gregor Mendel also formulated some well-known laws of heredity. Heredity influences are intrinsic or innate. Heredity as a cause of individual differences may be due either to remote or immediate ancestry. Differences in maturity of individuals have always been observed.

The pupils in any grade present a considerable range of maturity. Image Courtesy : 2. The chronological aspect of maturity is that which is presented by differences in mental development considered in terms of actual number of years. Anatomical growth is shown by different degrees of development of the bones of the skeleton. The organs most affected are the organs of the circulatory system and those of reproduction. Psychological studies reveal that girls mature earlier than boys.

Image Courtesy : theempressofdress. Higher intelligence likewise exists in those states which rank high in their economic condition. Parents found in high occupational levels usually provide good physical and intellectual environments, which favour the speedy cultural development of their children.

A considerable body of evidence is available to show that children belonging to the so-called higher social classes are superior in intelligence to those of the lower classes.

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5 Main Causes of Individual Differences

Individual Differences, Mental Ability, and Personality. Individual Differences. People show substantial individual differences , or variations in how they respond to the same situation based on personal characteristics. Behavior is a function of person interacting with the environment:. Individual Differences 2 Behavior is therefore determined by the effects of the individual and the environment on each other. Sex and Gender Differences Evidence suggests that there are few differences between men and women in such factors as ability and motivation that will affect their job performance.

Individual Differences: Types, Causes and Role | Psychology

Jump to navigation. Individual differences are the ways in which people differ from each other. Every member of an organization has its own way of behavior.

Ppt individual differences, mental ability, and personality. Individual differences in mental abilities cognition. These obvious group differences are sometimes analyzed in terms of the more subtle measures of personality and ability or of real life outcomes e. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext.

Individual Differences, Mental Ability, and Personality

All differences between individuals may be interpreted by the facts of heredity or nature, environment or nurture, and training. Image Courtesy : upload. The ethnologists have explained many of the supposed differences, and have been inclined to place the various races upon a more equal footing with respect to inborn capacity.

Interest may refer as a motivating force that impels us to attend to a person, a thing, or an activity. So in educational field differences in interest means you observe some students like a particular subject, teacher , hobby or profession than other. Difference in attitude is psyche related to some thing.

Explain how individual differences influence the behavior of people in organizations. Describe the key factors contributing to demographic diversity. Explain how mental ability relates to job performance. Identify major personality variables that influence job performance. Explain how emotional intelligence is an important part of organizational behavior. Types of Individual Differences 1. People differ in productivity.


Ppt individual differences, mental ability, and personality. Individual differences in mental abilities cognition. These obvious group differences are sometimes.


For details on it including licensing , click here. This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author but see below , don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms. This content was accessible as of December 29, , and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book.

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