scientisty name and fields pdf

Scientisty Name And Fields Pdf

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Published: 21.05.2021

Michael Faraday , born September 22, , Newington , Surrey , England—died August 25, , Hampton Court , Surrey , English physicist and chemist whose many experiments contributed greatly to the understanding of electromagnetism. His mother was a country woman of great calm and wisdom. At an early age, Faraday began to earn money by delivering newspapers for a book dealer and bookbinder.

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Helping your students see the possibilities of careers in STEM fields means providing them with diverse role models. Black History Month provides teachers with an opportunity to feature the stories and voices of black scientists, engineers and mathematicians in the context of their science instruction. We have made a list of some of the top Black scientists, engineers, inventors and mathematicians, along with media resources to help you bring their work—and stories—into your classroom. He invented over uses for the peanut and developed methods to prevent soil depletion. He was made a member British Royal Society of Arts — a rare honor for an American — and advised prominent leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and President Teddy Roosevelt on agriculture and nutrition.

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How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength.

This phenomenon is now called the Raman scattering and is the result of the Raman effect. In October , he collapsed in his laboratory. He was moved to a hospital and the doctors gave him four hours to live. He survived and after a few days refused to stay in the hospital as he preferred to die in the gardens of his Institute the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore surrounded by his flowers. He died of natural causes on 21 November Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of Science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it or not.

Bhabha is generally acknowledged as the father of Indian nuclear power. But few people know that he was absolutely against India manufacturing atomic bombs, even if the country had enough resources to do so.

Sir M V suggested that India try to be at par with industrialized nations as he believed that India can become developed through industries. Venkatraman Radhakrishnan was born on May 18, in Tondaripet, a suburb of Chennai. Venkataraman was a globally renowned space scientist and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

He was an internationally acclaimed Astrophysicist and also known for his design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats. His observations and theoretical insights helped the community in unraveling many mysteries surrounding pulsars, interstellar clouds, galaxy structures and various other celestial bodies. He died at the age of 81 in Bangalore. Born on October 19, in Lahore, British India, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes.

The Chandrasekhar limit is named after him. He was nephew of CV Raman. Chandra became a United States citizen in His most celebrated work concerns the radiation of energy from stars, particularly white dwarf stars, which are the dying fragments of stars. He died on August 21, , at the age of 82 in Chicago. This formed the basis of the Bose-Einstein Statistics. This equation is one of the basic tools for interpretation of the spectra of stars in astrophysics.

He also invented an instrument to measure the weight and pressure of solar rays. But did you know, he was also the chief architect of river planning in India? He prepared the original plan for the Damodar Valley Project.

Born on December 22, in Tamil Nadu, Ramanujam was an Indian mathematician and autodidact who, with almost no formal training in pure mathematics, made extraordinary contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions. By age 11, he had exhausted the mathematical knowledge of two college students who were lodgers at his home. He was later lent a book on advanced trigonometry written by S. He completely mastered this book by the age of 13 and discovered sophisticated theorems on his own.

He returned to India and died at a young age of Picture Source. Acharya J. Bose was a man of many talents. Born on 30 November, in Bikrampur, West Bengal, he was a polymath, physicist, biologist, botanist and archaeologist.

He pioneered the study of radio and microwave optics, made important contributions to the study of plants and laid the foundation of experimental science in the Indian sub-continent.

He was the first person to use semiconductor junctions to detect radio signals, thus demonstrating wireless communication for the first time. His reluctance for patenting his work is legendary. Another of his well known inventions is the crescograph , through which he measured plant response to various stimuli and hypothesized that plants can feel pain, understand affection etc.

While most of us are aware of his scientific prowess, we might not be aware of his talent as an early writer of science fiction!

He is in fact considered the father of Bengali science fiction. He was instrumental in the setting up of the Indian Space Research Organization ISRO , when he successfully convinced the Indian government of the importance of a space programme for a developing nation after the launch of the Russian Sputnik, in this quote:.

There are some who question the relevance of space activities in a developing nation. To us, there is no ambiguity of purpose. We do not have the fantasy of competing with the economically advanced nations in the exploration of the moon or the planets or manned space-flight.

But we are convinced that if we are to play a meaningful role nationally, and in the community of nations, we must be second to none in the application of advanced technologies to the real problems of man and society.

He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in and the Padma Vubhushan after his death in While everyone knows of his primary role in the establishment of ISRO, perhaps many of us do not know that he was also the force behind the establishment of many other Indian institutes of repute, most notably the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad IIM-A and the Nehru Foundation for Development.

Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct systematic bird surveys across India and his bird books helped develop ornithology in the sub-continent. This Birdman of India was the key figure behind the Bombay Natural History Society after and used his personal influence to garner government support for the organisation. In , Khorana became the first to synthesize an artificial gene in a living cell. His work became the foundation for much of the later research in biotechnology and gene therapy.

The mission of the Khorana Program is to build a seamless community of scientists, industrialists, and social entrepreneurs in the United States and India. Khorana died of natural causes on November 9, at the age of Born on November 14, in West Punjab, Sahni was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent.

He was also a geologist who took an interest in archaeology. His greatest contributions lie in the study of the plants of India in the present as well as the historical context. He was a founder of The Paleobotanical Society which established the Institute of Palaeobotany on 10 September and which initially functioned in the Botany Department of Lucknow University. Sahni died on 10 April due to a heart attack.

Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. He also served as the 11th President of India from to Kalam advocated plans to develop India into a developed nation by in his book India Known for his love for children, did you know that Kalam had set a goal of meeting , students in the 2 years after his resignation from the role of scientific adviser in ? May he continue to inspire millions. Feel free to tell us about more Indian scientists who have inspired you.

You could write to us on contact thebetterindia. Update: Thanks to our readers Bharath K. Bose were added to the list, taking the original list of 12 scientists to We at The Better India want to showcase everything that is working in this country. By using the power of constructive journalism, we want to change India — one story at a time. If you read us, like us and want this positive news movement to grow, then do consider supporting us via the following buttons:.

Our teams put in a lot of effort to create the content you love at The Better India. We put out curated content on our Instagram account- green living hacks, green innovations, leading a no-tox life and heroes in the sustainability space.

Before dying, Raman told his students, Do not allow the journals of the Academy to die, for they are the sensitive indicators of the quality of Science being done in the country and whether science is taking root in it or not. Homi J. Source 4. Chandrashekar Picture source Born on October 19, in Lahore, British India, he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics for his mathematical theory of black holes. Srinivasa Ramanujan.

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Michael Faraday

Standing Committee for promoting Women in Science Women in India face several challenges in moving up the academic and administrative ladder due to systemic barriers and structural factors. Gender equality in scientific laboratories and institutions of higher education is not only about numbers but also about various micro and macro level factors operating at institutional level. There exist various policies and enabling environment in different institutions in India but a common approach or guiding principles to bridge the gender gap is still lacking. This clearly demonstrates a need for multi stakeholder interventions. While gender equality in science is an important consideration, it is also in the larger interest of scientific progress and society. The challenges faced by them are several but most often the "break in career" arises out of motherhood and family responsibilities.

A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research to advance knowledge in an area of interest. In classical antiquity , there was no real ancient analog of a modern scientist. Instead, philosophers engaged in the philosophical study of nature called natural philosophy , a precursor of natural science. In modern times, many scientists have advanced degrees [6] in an area of science and pursue careers in various sectors of the economy such as academia , industry , government , and nonprofit environments. The roles of "scientists", and their predecessors before the emergence of modern scientific disciplines, have evolved considerably over time. Scientists of different eras and before them, natural philosophers, mathematicians, natural historians, natural theologians, engineers, and others who contributed to the development of science have had widely different places in society, and the social norms , ethical values , and epistemic virtues associated with scientists—and expected of them—have changed over time as well. Accordingly, many different historical figures can be identified as early scientists, depending on which characteristics of modern science are taken to be essential.

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How often do we take out the time to think about those extra ordinary minds who made life easier for us? Raman also worked on the acoustics of musical instruments. He was the first to investigate the harmonic nature of the sound of the Indian drums such as the tabla and the mridangam. He discovered that, when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light changes in wavelength.

PLoS Biol 18 10 : e This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Competing interests: I have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests. JB is an Elsevier employee.

Господи Иисусе! - подумал Бринкерхофф.  - Мидж снова оказалась права. - Идиот! - в сердцах воскликнула.  - Ты только посмотри. Сквозь строй дважды отверг этот файл.

Но Танкадо… - размышляла.  - С какой стати такой параноик, как Танкадо, доверился столь ненадежному типу, как Хейл. Сьюзан понимала, что теперь это не имеет никакого значения. Нужно немедленно доложить обо всем Стратмору. Ирония ситуации заключалась в том, что партнер Танкадо находился здесь, прямо у них под носом.

Но и то и другое вряд ли к чему-то приведет. В его мозгу все время прокручивались слова Стратмора: Обнаружение этого кольца - вопрос национальной безопасности.

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Lowell P.

Over the course of human history, people have developed many interconnected and validated ideas about the physical, biological, psychological, and social worlds.

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Poppy S.

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