Criminology Terms And Definitions Pdf
File Name: criminology terms and definitions .zip
Accountability The ways in which organizations and individuals are rendered answerable for their policies and day-to-day activities, exerted by internal and external mechanisms.
Dictionary of Criminology
Generally, though somewhat crudely, thought of as a system for controlling agencies and individuals. A term that refers to the increasing use of risk assessment and other forms of calculation to manage offending populations. A term originally coined by Jock Young to capture a trend within criminology which focused on increasing the efficiency of the criminal justice system, particularly via situationally-based crime prevention. A particular style of criminal justice, which treats the process as a competition. In particular, in the criminal trial the defence and prosecution oppose each other, each seeking to establish the strength of their own case, or contradict or undermine the other. This approach is generally contrasted with what are described as inquisitorial criminal justice systems.
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Chapter and page references in the following glossary of terms are to Thinking About Criminal Justice in Canada. Accountability: Being held responsible for the actions that lead to a crime. Youth are seen as less accountable than adults; their accountability is measured on the basis of the greater dependency of young persons and their lower level of maturity. Actus reus : The guilty act or external element of a criminal offence — that is, those actions and omissions that are prohibited by criminal law. If actus reus is proven beyond a reasonable doubt in combination with mens rea , an accused may be held criminally responsible for his or her conduct.
Dictionary of Criminology
If you or a loved one is facing criminal charges, there are many new terms that you will encounter. While we cannot provide all related terms here on this site, we have selected a few of the most important legal terms for you to know. The list is general in nature and is not intended as legal advice. Accessory Someone who intentionally helps another person commit a felony examples — giving advice before the crime, helping to conceal the evidence or the perpetrator. An accessory is usually not physically present during the crime.
Criminology Pdf Notes Some of these options may require additional training and career planning. Gresham Sykes and his former student, Dr. It encompasses many areas of study including sociology, psychology and law. Ferguson worked for St. In some shifts, you yourself become involved in violent incidents as part of your role as a bouncer.
Dictionary of Dictionary of Criminology Terms, Lexicon, Abbreviations and Definitions
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