difference between cost accounting and financial accounting pdf

Difference Between Cost Accounting And Financial Accounting Pdf

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Cost accounting and financial accounting both are based on the debit and credit principles of accounting. Both the accounting forms provide and present financial data but the basic difference is in their orientation. Financial accounting provides aggregate information about the business whereas cost accounting provides detailed information for different sections of the business organization viz. Cost accounting is concerned with the accumulation, classification, analysis recording, allocation, summarisation, interpretation, reporting and control of costs.

Cost Accounting vs. Financial Accounting – All You Need to Know

Both allow the management to make good decisions though the nature and scope of both of this accounting are quite contrary. Cost accounting tells us the expenses of each unit of each product. For example, if a company sells three products — product A, product B, and product C; cost accounting helps us how much material, labor, etc. On the other hand, financial accounting helps us understand how profitable a company is through financial statements. But the manufacturing organizations which are involved in cost and financial accounting, data points of cost accounting help to create financial accounting at the end of the day. And they also get a comprehensive tool to look at their business internally and externally.

What is cost accounting? Cost accounting is the process that records, summarizes and reports cost information of an organization. The primary function of cost accounting is to ascertain the costs of the firm and perform the functions of cost control. It traces the costs of every unit in production right from the input of raw materials to the output produced. What is financial accounting? Financial accounting is the recording of all the monetary transactions of an organization. For example.

Difference Between Cost Accounting and Financial Accounting

Cost accounting is a specialized branch of managerial accounting that provides detailed information about each individual direct and indirect cost incurred on the production line in relation to the output. Managerial accounting takes the cost accounting information and uses it to create reports that weigh the production costs against the sales revenue. The report information is updated as the production costs change. The close relationship between cost accounting and managerial accounting means that the two disciplines have several accounting principles in common. Accountants record cost transactions and managerial transactions using debits and credits. For example, the cost accounting raw materials account and the managerial accounting office supplies account are considered asset accounts.

The difference between financial and managerial accounting is that financial accounting is the collection of accounting data to create financial statements, while managerial accounting is the internal processing used to account for business transactions. The certification for each of these types of accounting is different as well. People who have been trained in financial accounting have a Certified Public Accountant designation, while those with a Certified Management Accountant designation are trained in managerial accounting. The perception that more training is required for financial accounting might be reflected in the higher pay rates of financial accountants over managerial accountants. The following categories also show the differences between financial and managerial accounting. Financial accounting only cares about generating a profit and not the overall system of how the company works.

What is the Difference Between Financial and Managerial Accounting?

Cost accounting and financial accounting are the branches of accounting. Both these deal with recording and presentation of financial information, but their objective is different. To better understand these accounting branches, we need to understand the difference between cost accounting vs.

Cost Accounting refers to that branch of accounting which deals with costs incurred in the production of units of an organization. On the other hand, financial accounting refers to the accounting concerned with recording financial data of an organization, in order to exhibit exact position of the business. Cost accounting generates information so as to keep a check on operations, with an aim of maximizing profit and efficiency of the concern. Conversely, Financial accounting ascertains the financial results, for the accounting period and the position of the assets and liabilities on the last day of the period.

Similarities and Differences Between Cost Accounts and Financial Accounts

Both cost accounting and financial accounting help the management formulate and control organization policies.

Does Managerial Accounting Follow GAAP?

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Ellis P.

Cost Accounting refers to that branch of accounting which deals with costs incurred in the production of units of an organization. On the other hand, financial accounting refers to the accounting concerned with recording financial data of an organization, in order to exhibit exact position of the business.


Raphaela V.

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Philippine L.

Cost accounting compiles the cost of raw materials, work-in-process, and finished goods inventory, while financial accounting incorporates this information into its financial reports (primarily into the balance sheet). Financial accounting personnel issue reports only at the end of a reporting period.


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